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Pori Art Museum in city of Pori, Finland © Porin taidemuseo

The initiative to create parks with site specific works has come from the private sector of society in most cases. Although one can argue whether Louisiana in Denmark, which is a private foundation that opened to the public in 1958, is the first of this kind of sculptural parks it is certainly a forerunner of them.  Louisiana has the element of ‘site specific’ in its broad concept of art and culture. Visit

There is in South Sweden a prime example of a hugely successful and early enterprise in the spirit of creating works of art in midst of nature with an aim of shocking through the juxtaposition of the elements.   Wanås Exhibitions at the Wanås Castle was founded in 1987 by Carl-Gustaf and Marika Wachtmeister heirs to the Wanås Castle.  The private park is open to the public from 15th of  May to 30th of October. The exhibition concept has been developed year by year comprising now an indoor art hall for summer exhibitions as well. Visit for history and information.

Northern Sweden has a similar outdoor sculptural museum in the vicinity of Umeå called Umedalen Skulptur Park. This was founded in 1994 by Galleri Andersson in collaboration with Balticgruppen (a private company). 

Norway created its first contemporary sculptural park in Nordland (Northern Norway) adopting a different concept. 33 Northern Norwegian counties combined forces and established Skulpturlandskap Nordland inviting artists (national and international) to create a sculpture each to be placed in one of the counties. The creation of Nordland Sculptural Park took place between 1992 and 1998. In 2006 was decided to ad one sculpture biannually to the existing ones. 


Private collectors in Sweden and Finland

The private collector in Scandinavia is distinguished by primarily two criteria as I see him. He is in his taste either guided by business acumen or by intellectual approach, and in some instances by both. The first type sooner or later turns into a dealer, the second type embraces a certain period in the history of art and once his collection is completed he donates it to a museum. I have noted that the passion to collect usually has a time span and a peak. Is it twenty or thirty years depending on the age of the collector at his outset. The earlier he starts the longer he collects. With age it seems to become more difficult to take in changes in culture, society, values etc. which every society undergoes. I will share some view on some of the private collectors in Sweden and Finland.